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A Charitable Remainder Trust allows the owner to contribute property to a self-controlled nonprofit Trust. The owner (and his spouse) have the right to take out a predetermined amount of income (set by them) from the Trust during their lifetimes. After the death of both owners, the assets will go to their favorite charity.
During the lifetimes of the owners, there are no taxes until the income is distributed to the owners.
Although it can be structured in many ways, the basic plan is as follows:
As with a Living Trust, you are the sole manager. However, you cannot change any terms of the Charitable Trust, other than to appoint a different charity to take the assets at your deaths.
Another advantage is a charitable deduction on current income tax return immediately upon formation of the Charitable Trust. The deduction is based on your life expectancy and income rate, so it is not large. For example, if you and your spouse are in your mid- 40's, you have a life expectancy of 40+ years. If you select a 5% return, your current tax deduction may be only 17% of the value of the contribution, because the charity will not actually receive the gift until 40 years from now, and you will be taking out 5% each year until then.
The drawback to Charitable Trust is that it cannot be changed even in a dire emergency.
Since the charity gets the Trust balance at your death, many people also use an Insurance Trust as a "wealth replacement" vehicle to leave assets tax free to their heirs.
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